Category Archives: Disease Spotlight

When Black Pets Turn White: About Vitiligo in Dogs and Cats

Derm Spotlight: Vitiligo What is Vitiligo? Vitiligo is an acquired autoimmune condition that causes the destruction of melanocytes. A melanocyte is a cell located in the skin, hair, and eye and produce the pigment called melanin. Melanin is a pigment that gives color to the skin, hair, and eyes of people and animals. When melanocyte […]

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Ringworm in Cats: Serious but Treatable

Derm Spotlight: Feline Dermatophytosis (ringworm) What is ringworm? Ringworm is a common superficial infection that infects the skin, hairs, and nails. It is a fungal organism that binds to the hair follicle as a nutrient source and infects hairs. Transmission is by contact with an infected animal, the environment, or fomites (objects that carry infection […]

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Microneedling* Banishes Bareness in Precious Pet Patients

What is Microneedling? A cosmetic procedure that applies fine needles to the skin and hair follicles stimulating the transition of resting hair follicles to producing hair shafts. This is a new veterinary treatment offered at ADRC used in dogs diagnosed with Alopecia X or Post Clipping Alopecia. How does Microneedling work? It is considered a […]

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How and Why of Pet Ear Cleaning

Ear infections are more common in dogs than cats. There are many causes of ear infections including allergies, parasites, autoimmune diseases, endocrine diseases, and foreign bodies (plant awns, hair, sand), to name a few. A thorough history and physical examination in addition to performing cytology helps diagnose most ear infections. There are many aspects in […]

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Derm Spotlight: Feline Eosinophilic Granuloma skin condition

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What is it? Feline eosinophilic granuloma is an inflammatory/allergic disease that can involve the skin anywhere on the body, the lips and/or the mouth of a cat. It is considered a unique reaction pattern in allergic cats. What causes it? The skin changes are associated with an underlying hypersensitivity/allergy, most commonly associated with flea allergy. […]

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Derm Spotlight: Cutaneous Vasculitis skin condition

What is it? Cutaneous vasculitis refers to blood vessel inflammation that leads to compromised blood supply to the skin. The inflammation occurs due to the immune system being over-stimulated. It is an uncommon skin condition in dogs and cats and can occur in any breed, age, or gender. What causes it? There are many potential […]

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Derm Spotlight: Testing for Food Allergy

Food Allergy vs Other Allergies Skin allergies are a very common problem in dogs and cats; in our dermatology practice, itching of the skin or ears account for the majority of our appointments. Pet owner awareness of food allergy has greatly increased in recent years, likely due to marketing efforts of boutique dog food companies […]

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Derm Spotlight: Let’s Stop Calling Flea Prevention Poison

Lack of Flea Prevention Causes Issues A common refrain we hear from pet owners is, “I don’t give that poison to my pet!” These owners mean well, and they’re trying to do what’s best for their beloved pets, but calling flea prevention “poison” is not accurate. A lack of good flea prevention is very likely […]

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Derm Spotlight: Autoimmune Skin Disease in Cats: Feline Pemphigus

What is it? Pemphigus foliaceus is an autoimmune skin disease in cats. In general, it is an uncommon disease; however, pemphigus foliaceus is the most common out of all the autoimmune skin diseases. This disease occurs due to the immune system attacking its own skin cells. We do not always find the trigger. What does […]

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Derm Spotlight: How Does Cryosurgery or Cryotherapy Help Pets?   

Cryosurgery is the application of extreme cold to remove abnormal or diseased tissue. This compound term comes from the Greek prefix “cryo” meaning “freezing cold” AND the English word “surgery” meaning to “cut”.  A better descriptive term to describe this procedure is cryotherapy because the cutting of tissue is not done during the procedure. Rather, […]

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